Thursday, November 16, 2017

Ancient Egypt Project: An Instruction Manual for Journeying to the Afterlife



Project Overview  For the past week, we have studied ancient Egyptian religious beliefs, specifically as they relate to death and the afterlife. It's now time to demonstrate what you've learned. Rather than take a test or write an essay, your assessment will come in the form of a  project. Specifically, you will be creating an instruction manual

Imagine that the pharaoh of Egypt has come to you requesting your advice and wisdom on how he or she can gain entry to the afterlife. The pharaoh wants specifics. "What exactly do I need to do?" he or she asks. You decide the most effective way to communicate the specifics on everything from mummy and tomb preparation, to navigating the underworld, to what to expect at the Hall of Two Truths, is to create an instruction manual.  
   
Examples of Instruction Manuals  The purpose of an instruction manual is to educate its user about how to do something. There are instruction manuals for just about everything, from how to build something to how to fix something to how to play a game. 

An effective instruction manual probably includes: Instructions presented as step-by-step procedures, simple concise language, and visuals to make it easier to understand. 

Below are few different examples of various types of instruction manuals. 































Project Guidelines You will now begin constructing your own instruction manual with the purpose of educating a pharaoh about how to gain entry into the afterlife. You and your partner will initially use the Google Slides application to create slides for each step of the 'Journey to the Afterlife.' 

Other Instruction Manual Project Guidelines
  1. You must select a theme and fonts for your Google Slides presentation, making the design of each slide of your 'instructional manual' consistent and visually appealing. 
  2. You must include a title (e.g., A Guide to the Afterlife), along with your name. 
  3. You must include information about the following topics and create a titled slide for each: Preparing the Tomb, Preparing the Body, The Journey Through the Underworld, The Hall of Two Truths, The Final Judgement, and The Afterlife.
  4. Information should be presented in a step-by-step format and use either numbers or transition words to make clear each step. 
  5. You should write clearly and concisely, use your own words, and use second-person pronouns (e.g, you and your).  
  6. You should include at least one visual, image, video or illustration for each step on each slide.
This project will be due Friday, December 1.

Tuesday, November 14, 2017

Life and Death in Ancient Egypt: Journey to the Afterlife (Day 3)



 Lesson Focus Question   What was the role of religion in ancient Egypt?

Journey to the Afterlife: Video Selections  Today we will continue to investigate ancient Egyptian religious beliefs, specifically as they relate to beliefs about the afterlife. We will also continue to examine multiple sources; today our sources include a variety of videos. As you watch the videos, continue to to take notes using the document Journey to the Afterlife - Study Guide.

The first video provides an overview of ancient Egyptian beliefs about the afterlife, with a special focus on the role and importance of tombs.


The next videos explain the mummification process



Now we will watch in excerpt of a video examining role of the Book of the Dead and the journey through the underworld.


Finally, check out this comically gruesome take on what goes down in The Hall of Two Truths, and which includes an appearance by Osiris at The Final Judgement

Monday, November 13, 2017

Life and Death in Ancient Egypt: Journey to the Afterlife (Day 2)




 Lesson Focus Question 
  What was the role of religion in ancient Egypt?

Journey to the Afterlife: Overview  Now that we all clearly understand some of  the important terms and concepts related to ancient Egyptian religion, it's time to begin our investigation into the ancient Egyptian beliefs about the afterlife. Your task is to gather important information about each step an Egyptian would take on his or her journey to the afterlife. You will take notes using the document Journey to the Afterlife - Study Guide which can be found in your Social Studies Google Classroom

Ultimately, we will use our collected information to construct an Egyptian Afterlife Instruction Manual, which you will design for an ancient Egyptian pharaoh to help him or her successfully navigate the journey to the afterlife. More to come.

Today, however, we will begin working as a whole-class by examining an excerpt from your Social Studies textbook featured below entitled "Journey tot he Afterlife." Make sure as we read to add important information to your Study Guide. 



Journey to the Afterlife: Group Read and Investigation  Now we will break up into groups and dig even deeper for critical information related to the journey to the afterlife. I will provide each of you with a copy of the book The First Civilizations which also features a section entitled "Journey to the Afterlife" beginning on pg. 40. You and your group will read the section together, identify important information, and add key details to the pertinent sections of your Study Guide.  




Thursday, November 9, 2017

Life and Death in Ancient Egypt



Lesson Focus Question   What was the role of religion in ancient Egypt?


Writing Warm-Up  Today we begin to learn about ancient Egyptian religious beliefs about death and the afterlife. But before we learn what they believed, let's consider some of our own beliefs. What do you believe happens after we die? Do you believe in life after death? If so, what does that mean to you? Share some of your ideas here

Journey to the Afterlife: Vocabulary Study  Today we are going to learn key words and concepts related to ancient Egyptian beliefs about death and the afterlife. You can find the assignment Journey to the Afterlife - Cognitive Content Dictionary in your Social Studies Google Classroom. After locating your assignment, I want you to make a prediction about what you think each word means by closely studying the images and accompanying questions below. We will then learn the definitions together, select a visual representation for each word, and use each word in self-constructed sentences to demonstrate our developing understanding. 
  
Do you believe in an afterlife?

Who or what do you think resides in the underworld?

What might an archaeologist find in a tomb?

If Osiris makes the final judgement of a dead person's soul, what decision is he making?

What are some of the steps in the preparation of a mummy?

Why do you think Ramses II wanted to become a mummy

Thursday, October 26, 2017

Mapping Ancient Egypt


Mapping Ancient Egypt Activity  Today you will demonstrate what you have learned about the land, important places, and geographic features in and around Ancient Egypt, by labeling a blank map of the region. In your Social Studies Google Classroom you can find the assignment Map of Ancient Egypt. Directions for how to complete the activity are included with the map. 

You may utilize various resources to help you complete the activity. The map below, featured in our Social Studies textbooks, I find particularly helpful. The British Museum's Egypt site also features various maps of Egypt here. Also, some really nice maps of Ancient Egypt can be found here.  

This mapping activity builds upon things that we have studied in class and serves as one way to demonstrate what you have learned about the geography of Ancient Egypt. Therefore, it will count towards your Social Studies assessment grade. Your Map of Ancient Egypt will be due on Friday, November 3

Ancient Egypt: The Nile River Valley (Day 2)


 Today's Focus Question  How did the Nile River affect where people settled in Ancient Egypt?


Warm Up: Adventure on the Nile River  Today you will begin your day at the British Museum's Egypt website here. Your task is to accompany an ancient Egyptian boy from a farming family as he navigates the Nile River. You will help the boy make important decisions about how and where he travels. His survival may ultimately be in your hands. Pay attention to the details of ancient Egypt's geography along the way. 

Guided Reading: The Nile River Valley  Now we will read from the textbook section "The Nile River Valley". The reading selection can be found digital form in your Social Studies Google Classroom, on pages 96-99 of your Social Studies textbooks, and at the link here

As you read, you will record key information from the section using the document The Nile River Valley - Notetaking Study Guide, which can also be found in your Social Studies Google Classroom.

Map of Ancient Egypt, featuring Lower and Upper Egypt





The kings of Upper Egypt work white crown, while the kings of Lower Egypt wore red.

Lower and Upper Egypt were often at war with each other.

According to legend, King Menes was the two kingdoms into one, in about 3100 B.C. The ruler of the combined kingdom wore a double crown of red and white, and was known as the "Lord of the Two Lands." 

Tuesday, October 24, 2017

Ancient Egypt: The Nile River Valley



 Unit Focus Question  How did the Ancient Egyptians create a brilliant and long-lasting civilization in a desert land?


 Today's Focus Question  How did the Nile River affect where people settled in Ancient Egypt?


Video: "Nile"  To begin today, we will watch a short video about life in Ancient Egypt, with a special focus on the importance of the Nile River. 



The Nile River: Vocabulary Study  Next, we will study the key vocabulary related to the geography of Ancient Egypt, using the document The Nile River Valley - Cognitive Content Dictionary, which can be found in your Social Studies Google ClassroomWe will be using an excerpt from our Social Studies textbook, which accompanies the Cognitive Content Dictionary (and which you can also find here), to help us understand the lesson's key words and concepts.

Map of Ancient Egypt
Egypt's Black Land and Red Land
Map of Lower Egypt and the Nile Delta
Nile River Cataract
Satellite Image of Egypt